The likelihood of experiencing a stroke or second stroke is influenced by a number of risk factors. The more stroke risk factors you have, the higher your chances of having a stroke.
Lifestyle stroke risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, obesity and alcohol consumption. Personal risk factors (which you cannot control) include age (stroke risk increases with age), gender (stroke is more common in males) and personal or family history of stroke and heart disease.
How to lower your risk of stroke
- Know your blood pressure. High blood pressure is one of the most important stroke risk factors it is the simplest to manage. Find out more.
- Be smoke-free, quit smoking. www.quit.org.au
- Enjoy a wide variety of nutritious foods from the five food groups everyday. Drink plenty of water. Find out more.
- Be active everyday in as many ways as you can. Find out more.
- Limit alcohol intake. For healthy men and women, drinking no more than two standard drinks on any day reduces the lifetime risk of harm from alcohol-related disease or injury. Find out more.
Medical conditions can also increase your stroke risk.
- TIA (Transient Ischaemic Attack)
- Atrial Fibrillation (Irregular Pulse)
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD)
Medical interventions to reduce the risk of stroke
Stroke Prevention Brochures
- High blood pressure and stroke
- Understand and prevent stroke
- Irregular heartbeat and stroke
- Know the signs of stroke